Fishing hooks What types are there and which are the best for fishing?

guerrilla_fly_fishing

Let’s talk about the most important aspects in choosing our fishing hooks, in this guide, we will focus on the breakdown of all the uses and types that this type of fishing equipment has to offer.

As always we will start from the beginning, and it is that the hooks we know today were not always like this – a few thousand years ago, the first hooks were built with bones and shells, and when metals were discovered the hooks began to evolve in such a way that nowadays there are hundreds of models available, sometimes too many.

Have you ever walked into a fishing shop or website and gotten overwhelmed by the number of hook designs to choose from?

Different types of different lines, various sizes, short or long rod, dead or dead point, its curvature, the models … Among many variables makes it difficult to choose the most suitable hook for the interests we are looking for.

Even the most advanced fishermen tend to get confused when it comes to their choice, both of the great variety of species and their specific hook.

for the great variety of hook models or for the limited time sometimes available to choose, this guide is there to help you choose the right fishing hook based on your technique and the type of fish you are going to fish.

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The Hooks

The hooks are the fundamental element that allows us to maintain direct contact with the fish, so they remain the most important part of the equipment. Starting from this premise, and given that hook, integration plays a very important role in the behavior of the lure, it is logical that many anglers pay special attention to this part, even if it is sometimes overlooked by specialized fishing brands.

In fact, the habit of equipping artificial lures with fragile and/or overturned iron hooks is an endemic evil that the fisherman must know and solve on his own, even if the cost of this precious acquisition increases. which could have been perfect if it had been equipped with adequate treble hooks in terms of size and quality.

In any case, it is possible to fish with what comes out of the factory, but we all know that this is not the time to happily waste the opportunities that arise during the day.

What are the parts of a fish hook?

Basically, all the hooks at their ends are very similar, in the upper or upper part we find that we can have hooks with a ring or eyelet, if we refer to a ring hook or if it is a paddle hook, with a flattened metal area, both parts are used to tie or pack our hook to the line.

In the lower part of the hook, we find the tip, a sharp area where the fish is usually hooked and captured. As for the tip, it is true that the work has been done and improved with new modifications and innovations for greater effectiveness in fishing, but where there has been a greater number of changes and differences is in the body or shank of the hook and its curvature.

let’s see all the aspects that we can find in choosing the perfect hook!

An important aspect is to use the right hook for each type of species you want to fish. The type of hook used can affect our day.

The main parts of a hook are:

  • Head
  • stem
  • Curve
  • Died
  • Stain

The head: can be flattened (headstock) or have a hole (eyelet or ring), depending on how the hook head is, the hook packaging is different.

Handle: it is the longest part of the hook and depending on its length it has a short or long handle.

Dead end: it is the part of the hook that attacks by recoil, that is to say, that when you try to remove the hook it sticks more, there are hooks without this part that are more recommended for practicing catch and release or fishing without death.

The point: the main part of the hook since it is the one that will stick into the fish, must be very well sharpened for correct use.

Types of hook heads

hooks for oars

This type of hook comes with a flattened head, in the shape of an oar, they are usually used by more experienced fishermen as the difficulty of making knots on the hook requires a little more skill and is a little more complicated to make. however, when you get used to the use of oar hooks it will not be difficult to make the rig.

Many hook brands offer us spade head hooks in their extensive catalogs, so it’s no surprise that they are a favorite of thousands of anglers, including hook brands like Mustad, Hayabusa, Asari, Gamakatsu, and others.

Types of fishing hooks with eyes or head

dry fly vs wet fly

The heads of this type of hook, as the name suggests, form a loop through which the thread is inserted and that is where the fishing knot will be tied. This eyelet that the ring hooks have facilitates the tying, but as we said before, this is due to the skill of the fisherman and his taste in making knots.

Ring hooks are totally reliable and very effective, just like oar hooks, the only difference we find is the different knots we can make.

 the shank of the hook

The shank, leg, or shank is the part of the hook between the head and the first fold, the shank can be of three dimensions: short, regular, and long.

Fly fishermen prefer short rods for making flies with small bodies, although short shank hooks are also commonly used for shady or quick-biting fish.

Regular-sized rod hooks fall into the category of multipurpose hooks and make up the majority of hooks available, these hooks are used for almost all species of fish and with a wide variety of presentations and varieties.

Long-stemmed hooks are very useful for predatory fish, especially fish with large jaws and teeth, but they are also preferred if you want to fish very aggressive predators that seek live bait and ingest their food quickly and deeply. One of the characteristics of long-shank hooks is that they are much easier to remove, especially if you are a novice angler. Types of hooks according to their shape

original straight hook

This type of hook returns to its basic and simple shape, the advantage is that it is very strong, with a very sharp point to penetrate the hard jaws of large fish, it is a little shorter with a very straight and aligned eye, a de long tip, this hook is designed for lure fishing in the sea and use in commercial fishing, it does an amazing job of hooking and holding on to hopping species such as trout, salmon, croaker, etc.

circular hooks

For live or dead bait fishing where we want to catch fish with large mouths, this circle hook is a great option, its performance is because these fish with large mouths completely swallow the hook and its bait, especially if it is allowed to swallow the hook without resistance for a few seconds, this technique requires a certain skill in order not to run and prematurely pull our rod, tearing the hook and the bait from the mouth of the fish.

The correct movement when using the circle hook is slow and pleasant, when biting with the circular hooks it is necessary to slowly raise the rod and start to retrieve the line, this causes the circular hook to slide backward as it penetrates right where the jaws are. join to form the lip. They do not cause significant damage to the fish caught, so they can be returned with confidence.

Types of spikes in fishing hooks

Types of advice for fishing hooks The treble hooks or jig hooks that we associate with artificial lures must respond to several considerations. First of all, these hooks must have penetrating power without any doubt. This ability must be reflected in the extent to which the tips can capture everything that comes within their reach at the slightest touch, so the use of certain references, which however do not always have an insane price, is a good starting point. . .

However, only hook models that have chemical sharpening allow us to extend the integrity of dams in the complicated marine environment, where the blows, friction, and damaging action of salt are actors that quickly pay homage and diminish. seriously. the advantages of the steel of our fishing hook, as well as improving the shine of the tackle.

But let’s make sure that what glitters in displays is not always gold, so when we opt for hooks of prestigious brands, remember that these, in addition to producing first-rate ammunition, also market poor quality materials, and can sell them to us without the slightest blush like the latest fishing trend.

The thread of the mechanically sharpened treble hooks, on the other hand, tends to break quickly as the bait moves in areas with some orographic complications, such as when it is bounced between the stones, also thanks to the slow but relentless and corrosive action of the saltpeter that dissolves in the great blue. To sharpen, polish, and shape the steel hooks, the manufacturers used the latest technology to achieve more designs and shapes and thus arrive at the immense range of hooks we know today.

needle hooks

This type of tip resembles a sewing needle as the tip of these hooks is round and has tapered edges.

Hooks curved inwards

It is a matter of physics; this curvature reduces the pressure necessary for the hook to enter the fish, so it enters more easily as the tip of the hook facing inwards is aligned with the ring or the blade of the hook. And as a consequence, the line is the one that produces the pressure. A very effective hook for “jumping” fish, those that once caught do not stop moving, twisting, and turning on themselves to try to free themselves as they penetrate inside the fish.

concave hooks

Hook with a round tip that forms a curve from the tip to the base of the barb. These hooks are good for fish with soft mouths or fish that need to be worked gently as other hooks would tend to tear out the fish’s mouth.

spear hooks

These hooks have a spear point very similar in shape to a spear, where their corners are very well sharpened, another feature of these hooks is that the point is perfectly aligned in a straight line with the cutting edge so that there is proper penetration of these hooks. the hooks require a greater pressure during the positioning phase, otherwise, there is the danger of not going beyond the base of the drool and that our fish will come out.

 Knife hooks

A very effective hook since with its two faces or flat edges, sharp as knives, they penetrate perfectly into the fish and are very easy to sharpen if we notice that they have lost effectiveness due to use.

Types of fishing hooks

fly fishing techniques

Today there are many different models of fishing hooks, depending on their shape, size, species of fish to be caught, by sea, river, the material of manufacture, with or without killing … etc.

  • Straight
  • With eyelet or ring
  • Curved
  • Slim
  • Often
  • long leg
  • short leg
  • with oar
  • Coal
  • with or without death
  • Iron
  • Stainless steel
  • with round curve
  • with mixed curve

If we could collect the wide variety of types of hooks, it would take months to find them all, we do not want to bore you, that’s why we have made a selection of the most common and which can be useful in choosing the perfect hook, in practice, there are two factors to choose the type of hook, depending on the bait to be used and the species of fish to fish, and even for experienced fishermen this aspect usually requires hours of study and even then we would not find the right one …

This hook is ideal for working with live or dead bait, thanks to its design with a long shank and one or two burrs to make the bait easier to grab, as keeping a slippery or live bait on the hook is quite a challenge.

worm hooks

This special hook is designed for use with plastic lures (vinyl), their target fish such as black bass tend to be combat catches, so they are generally made with solid construction and deep penetration for durability. The tip of this hook is inserted in the body of the worm so there are no barriers or hindrances, with texas type assembly, with the hook inside the bait you can search for the fish in the dense vegetation where it usually hides, worm hooks they usually have a much larger opening than a traditional one, which gives the advantage that they can be used with worms of different sizes, presenting them more naturally.

treble hooks

Why use only one point when we can use three? The triple hook allows us to work with triple efficiency since they have the same effect as a simple hook multiplied by three. The three legs of the treble hooks are forged and made together with a single ring or eyelet, with its triple tip we have a wider nailing surface and therefore greater effectiveness in holding our catch. The triple or jig is used with lures, both hard and soft, but also with jigs, cuttlefish, etc. The size of the hooks can vary from bait to bait but normally we find it between the numbers from 2 to 2/0.

double hooks

I love very similar to the treble hook with the only difference being that it has two points instead of three, the double hook is very effective when armed with soft vinyl-like Frogs or squid. They are usually quite tough and very effective if we know how to use them.

sea ​​fishing hooks

The hook for sea fishing must be a hook with long and very sharp points of acceptable thickness and with good resistance to corrosion due to the saltpeter. Remember that saltwater fish, as a general rule, are more voracious and aggressive than freshwater fish, so hooks must be suitable for this type of catch.

Long shank hooks

This type of hook is recommended for catching worms, thanks to its great length we can easily insert this type of bait. Long shank hooks are used for fishing for flatfish, Mabra, spiders, sea bream, etc.

short shank hooks

Short shank hooks are used for meatier lures such as razor fish or sardines. They are particularly suitable for fishing larger fish, such as sea bream, sea bass, or sea bream. They are strong and resilient.

pulp

This type of rigging is not a hook in itself although we can include it in this list since its function is practically the same, like that of hooking a fish, the pulpers consist of a surface of plastic or metal where several hooks are incorporated to its ends, they are ideal for cephalopod fishing. If you want to be successful in squid fishing, pulpers are undoubtedly a great choice. These can carry weight in the form of lead for use in bottom fishing from a boat.

lead hooks

Lead head hooks are becoming a great sensation in rock fishing or light spinning, these hooks are attached to vinyl that gives them weight, plus many of this vinyl requires Drop Shop Texas Carolina hooks. Lead hooks are very effective for fishing for minnows, snappers, samas, etc. Depending on the weight they carry, these hooks will be used on the surface or in medium to deep depths.

 rigged hooks

The ideal hooks for jigging and anchor fishing, also called assist hook jigs, are tied and pre-packaged, many with high-quality Kevlar line, and high-end jigs have chemically or laser sharpened tips. If you want to buy pre-assembled jig hooks, this is a great option, very effective for vertical fishing.

What are the characteristics to consider when buying a fish hook?

czechs fly fishing

There are many different types of hooks, although the ones we have listed are the most common. We must not forget the importance of using a quality hook and stainless material to make it much more resistant. Also, stiffness is a key feature in choosing the right hook. Therefore, we will examine the main characteristics and qualities that a hook must have to be considered of high quality.

Numbering and dimensions of the fishing hooks

Numbering and size of the same hooks

If you are a beginner, this question will create some confusion because, to further confuse the fisherman, the size of the hooks is counted backward, i.e. the smallest hook has the largest numbering 30, 25, 20 … etc, and increases as you get closer to 0. There are hooks for fishing large fish, these hooks start from the number 0 (the smallest) and increase in size with “size number” / 0, for example, 5 / 0, 8/0, 15/0, etc, currently sport fishing hooks range from the largest 20/0 to the smallest which is usually 32.

In addition, we can find on the market the designation of Japanese sizes, with the No. 1 which is the largest and decreasing in number as the size of the hook is reduced, as a reference for the sole fishing, the n. 6, for various fishing, n. 8, breakwater normally n. 10 to n. 18 by sea pejerrey

Japanese numbering and sizing of fishing hooks.

The size and numbering of the hooks can have an unfortunate influence on the action of the fishing lure, for example, a fishing hook that is too small on a medium-sized bait will cause us to miss out as prey often does not find substance in which to grab. , while an excess at this point will also make swimming disappear depending on the resistance that the hook will generate by dragging itself in the water, in addition to the weight that we will add unnecessarily.

It seems incredible that the tremor can be so affected by the hooks when at the bottom they are almost attached to the body as the bait sails, but the truth is that each hook acts as an anchor that clings to the liquid element as if there is no tomorrow, so a pair of jigs with a large number or size can perfectly unbalance our fishing lures, so it is convenient to pay attention to the movement that our lures show as they move and, if necessary, correct until you find the right combination, which it is almost always achieved by reducing the size of our hooks.

That said, we must take precautions when packing a hook, removing it from our catch, or luring it, as we can have a mishap like nailing it, a fairly common and painful situation, and trust me, you wouldn’t like it. this happens to you, but if it happens to you we give you some tips on how to remove the hook without suffering too much.

Hook colors and finishes

Hook Colors and Finishes A last but not least factor in choosing our best hook is the finish, as hooks today are coated with many varieties of metals and painted finishes in different colors such as silver, black, red, yellow, etc. What is the best finish? There is no definitive answer on the effectiveness of painted or finished steel hooks, although it does not negatively affect and these hooks can be used as a visual attraction or in the case of red-finished hooks to simulate the blood of a wounded fish…

Small details can give you a bad day of fishing that boost needed to turn it into a good fishing day, everything remains to be tested. And if something is clear to experienced anglers, it is that fishing is a process of continuous learning, of trial and error, of testing and verifying the effectiveness of one or the other aspect that best suits our characteristics as fishermen. . What isn’t true for one fisherman can be the Holy Grail for another and vice versa, so experiment and don’t be left without trying various types of hooks and see for yourself what your perfect hook is!

Different hook weights

The weight of the hooks plays a more important role than you think. In this sense, it is advisable to take into account the type of bait we use and sometimes also the brand, the ballast load we add is perfectly able to affect its behavior, significantly reducing it in some cases and strengthening it in others. However, such an important fact is often ignored by most companies, who most often include unsuitable steel in the hooks. The point is that treble hooks limit the naturalness of the lure when they are too heavy, which is vital when using surface samples. In turn, this overweight can also lead to deterioration of animations such as jerking or twitching in the pecs. So, first of all, we must carefully study the material that comes from the factory and does not hesitate to replace the fishing lures, no matter how much they weigh on them, even varying them in size and weight. In this sense, we take every bait for sea or river fishing and carry out the appropriate tests, which on more than one occasion will surely reserve a great surprise for us.

 The price of fishing hooks.

Unfortunately, there is a misconception among many colleagues that they want to save a ridiculous handful of pennies on something as essential as fish hooks. Such a procedure would have some justification in case of economic hardship, but in the sense that we are referring to a complement with a negligible cost if we compare it with the rest of the fishing gadgets, it is clear that we are all perfectly capable of accessing the best hooks from fishing and multiplying the lethality of our fishing gear and the rest to our advantage are childish excuses.

Also, sometimes a simple pattern swap, in addition to providing us with greater solidity in this section than we originally had, risks leading to a radical improvement in the deception action, and all this in exchange for a little financial effort. . which will not disturb the domestic economy in any way.

How to fish with hooks?

fly fishing method

Types of hooks according to the fish you want to fish The conception of treble hooks is a rather delicate matter, since it is not the same as that it is intended to hang on a bait, rather than to carry a natural bait. In this order of things, the hooks that interest us must have a short shank, since when it is very long the working area is far from the center of gravity of the lure, a frequent point of attack when the attacks arrive. of the posterior hemisphere.

Similarly, the separation of the tips from the central axis is another factor that becomes relevant, as the greater the separation, the greater the chance that the tips will get stuck in the fish’s jaws. However, the angles at which treble hooks are constructed are not always correct, so we can rarely find references that follow these factors to the letter.

Improvements in new designs.

Fortunately, there is always a solution for all problems when there is a willingness to solve them. An example of this is the ventral jig, which may already offer the performance we would like about the design of the bait, since most of them, have an equidistant separation between the pins, limiting the movement.

An advance to correct this deficiency is found in some models of hooks that have been designed to move the two upper points away, thus reducing the discomfort they exerted on the belly of the bait, in this way, the “T” profile gives greater mobility to the bait. ‘bait, at the same time limits the bad scratches on the sides of the specimens and allows a correct coupling.

Classic hooks never die

VMC Classic Triple Hook Today’s angler is eager to try any of the new releases on the market, a problem that goes far beyond the trio of the rod, reel, and lure. He’s also interested in treble hooks in the strict sense of the word, which isn’t surprising considering most of the fishing hooks that come out of the factory are infinitely upgradeable.

However, looking at such a wide range of options can lead to neglecting several references that have not lost value despite the passage of time, such as the veteran VMC 9626 Permasteel or the red-dyed anchor. To tell the truth, very few treble hooks combine capacity, price, and sobriety like this hook.

However, for some strange reason, many manufacturers do not use their services when they include them in the package that contains the bait, and instead, choose to include other models from this famous French house that we do not recommend at all.

The weight of the VMC 9626 hook in certain measures can indeed alter some artificial baits, but it is sufficient to carry out the relative tests in the field to verify that in most cases there are almost no variations, especially if we refer to the chapter on minnows.

At this point, knowing how much a hundred of these magnificent fishing hooks cost, within reach of any foot fisherman, it is surprising that there is no variation in this order of things.

How to take care of our fishing hooks?

fishing rod

Although it is intended to sell eternal ineligibility for certain treble hooks, the truth is that most of them are susceptible to the effects of corrosion in varying degrees, so freeing them from the deadly embrace of salt acquires enormous importance.

For this reason, although it is advisable to give a coat of fresh water to all the fishing equipment so that it is at full power, it is no less important that the hooks also pass through the washing tunnel, so it is sufficient to dive for a few instants in a warm freshwater bath together with the baits themselves.

Then we will proceed to dry them as much as possible with a cloth because if we leave them like this, on the chamois as God put them into the world, as far as we have taken the steps in the right direction, the humidity will find cracks in the protective layer from those that penetrate the steel of our hooks and undermine their integrity from the inside, damage that unfortunately for us can manifest itself at the most compromising moment.

How to pack a hook?

Do not miss this video where they teach us how to properly tie the hook, highly recommended!

The best brands of fishing hooks

The acquisition of some fishing lures does not necessarily mean that we will have suffered a weapon-free from deficiencies, as the production of hooks and jigs usually gives us a guarantee of quality, being recognized brands such as the aforementioned VMC or the prestigious Mustad brands, Asari, Hayabusa etc.

Any time in the past was better for certain things, sure, but luckily we have seen several possible alternatives that will cover the dossier perfectly. So we do not skimp when buying fish hooks, and we are never lazy when it comes to replacing jigs with reputable references that respect the factors we have analyzed, otherwise the fish will show us with facts how wrong we are to trust success at the fickle whim of fortune.

The most famous brands of fishing hooks are:

Mustad hooks

Gamakatsu hooks

Hayabusa hooks

VMC hooks

Asari hooks

Owner Hooks

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